Information technology can seem intimidating and confusing, but in reality, it’s simply the basis of how most businesses operate and interact with their customers these days. No matter what you do or how much you know about IT, it’s likely that you’re using it every day without even realizing it. To help you learn more about IT and how it can benefit your business and your life, here are some things you need to know about IT and its importance in today’s world…
Computer hardware and software are two components that make up a computer system. Computer hardware refers to all of a computer’s parts (monitor, mouse, keyboard, etc.), while software refers to any type of program designed for computers. Think of it like cooking; hardware are things such as pans and pots, while software would be recipes like cakes or cookies. The use of both are essential in creating delicious dishes. Computer systems can range from having just one part (software or hardware) to having thousands of parts that make up a whole system. It’s important for professionals working in IT roles to know about all areas so they can design, maintain and troubleshoot problems if something goes wrong with a client’s system.
Understanding it can help your career
Information technology (IT) covers a wide range of subjects and career options. When people talk about working in IT, they’re usually referring to tech-focused positions in fields like computing, telecommunications, electronics and even architecture and engineering. However, information technology isn’t limited to big businesses or corporations; it also impacts individuals and society on a daily basis, making it one of today’s most important industries. Whether you’re interested in programming or software design, chances are there’s an IT position out there for you.
Types of IT Applications
There are many different types of IT applications used by businesses. They range from simple applications that help organize business tasks like email programs or word processing software, to complex and advanced computer programs used for web development and management. Examples of common business applications include content management systems, customer relationship management, supply chain management, data warehousing and analytics, financial planning, enterprise resource planning (ERP), and project-management software. While these types of software are used most frequently in larger companies, they can also be found in smaller businesses where computerized recordkeeping has a major impact on operations.
Different types of software and hardware
A common question asked by people who want to learn more about IT is, What kinds of software and hardware do I need? The answer to that question will depend on your position within a company and whether or not you’re designing and maintaining programs, applications or systems. That said, some basic software categories include: accounting software (QuickBooks, Peachtree), project management tools (Microsoft Project), computer operating systems (Windows 10), database management systems (SQL Server) and spreadsheet programs (Excel). On a hardware front, one could say computers, printers and routers are some of today’s most common components used in IT organizations.
Computer programming languages
There are thousands of programming languages in existence, but there are some basic categories. Many popular programming languages fall into either one of two types: procedural or object-oriented. Procedural languages focus on instructions for computers to follow directly, while object-oriented languages focus on objects and their interactions. There are hybrid versions that combine elements of both procedural and object-oriented programming (called hybrids). If a language leans toward one type or another, it will be easier to learn and use if your project is focused in that direction. The most widely used procedural programming language today is C++, which has been around since 1979; Java and Python are also popular options.
In computing, software can be categorized in two main ways: functional and technical. Technical categories are a result of how computers work while functional categories are a result of how they’re used by people. In addition, software can be classified based on it being general purpose or specific purpose. Common examples include operating systems (general purpose), web browsers (specific purpose) and spreadsheets (technical). There are also other ways to classify software. Read more about types of computer software…
Hardware maintenance tips
There are few pieces of hardware that have a tougher job than your computer’s hard drive. It’s your system’s lifeline, storing all of your important documents and programs while it works diligently behind-the-scenes. But even though it’s crucial for getting work done, most people don’t really know much about their computer hard drive (or HDD, if you want to get nerdy about it). Luckily, there are a few tips that can help both new and veteran computer users keep their HDD in tip-top shape. Today we dive into all things HDDs: their anatomy, how they work, why they fail and how you can prevent them from failing.
How things have changed over time
Computers are now smaller, faster and infinitely more powerful than when they were first developed. The first computers took up an entire room; now there are pocket-sized devices that can fit inside a backpack. We’ve also seen significant improvements in other areas of IT, from AI and software automation to machine learning and virtual reality (VR). One thing remains unchanged: If you don’t keep abreast of information technology trends, your career could be left behind. Here’s a look at some of IT’s biggest innovations over time so you can ensure your skills are up-to-date for today’s job market.